Health-care costs of inflammatory bowel disease in a pan-European, community-based, inception cohort during 5 years of follow-up: a population-based study

Study (n= 1289 of which 1073 (83%) from western Europe) found overall direct expenditure (EX) on health care decreased over 5-year follow-up period, characterised by increasing EX on biologicals and decreasing EX on conventional medical treatments, hospitalisations, and surgeries


Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology